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Cooling a Data Center

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Cooling a Data Center

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The development history of data center cooling

1. Traditional cooling solutions

Traditional data center cooling solutions mainly use air conditioning systems. This system has mature technology and is widely used. However, its energy consumption and maintenance costs are high, and it is difficult to meet the cooling needs of high-density equipment.

2. Modern cooling solutions

With the continuous upgrading of data center equipment and the rapid growth of data volume, traditional cooling solutions can no longer meet the demand. Modern cooling solutions mainly use new refrigeration equipment and technologies, such as chillers, hot and cold aisle isolation, heat pump systems, etc. , these new technologies can effectively improve refrigeration efficiency and reduce energy consumption and maintenance costs.

Data center cooling principles

1. Basics of thermodynamics

The basis of thermodynamics is the core of refrigeration technology. Its basic principle is to use the phase change of matter and the thermodynamic cycle process to achieve refrigeration. According to the basis of thermodynamics, refrigeration technology can be divided into evaporative refrigeration, absorption refrigeration, compression refrigeration, magnetic refrigeration and other types.

2. Refrigeration cycle process

The refrigeration cycle process includes four processes: compression, condensation, expansion and evaporation. The compression process is the key to the refrigeration cycle. It compresses low-temperature and low-pressure refrigerant into high-temperature and high-pressure refrigerant, thereby taking away the heat in the environment. The cold process The high-temperature and high-pressure refrigerant is cooled into high-pressure liquid. The expansion process expands the high-pressure liquid into low-pressure steam. The evaporation process absorbs the heat in the environment from the low-pressure steam, thereby achieving the refrigeration effect.

 

Cooling a Data Center

 

Classification of data center cooling systems

1. Air conditioning system

The traditional air conditioning system is one of the commonly used refrigeration equipment in data centers. It consists of a condenser, expansion valve and evaporator. The advantages of the air conditioning system are simple operation and good cooling effect. However, the energy consumption and maintenance costs are high and it is difficult to meet the requirements. Thermal requirements of high-density equipment.

2. Chiller

The chiller is a new type of refrigeration equipment, consisting of a condenser, expansion valve and evaporator. Different from the air conditioning system, the chiller achieves the cooling effect through cooling water, thereby reducing energy consumption and maintenance costs. The advantages of chillers are high cooling efficiency, low energy consumption, and low maintenance costs, but they need to be combined with technologies such as hot and cold aisle isolation to be effective.

3. Heat pump system

The heat pump system is a new type of refrigeration equipment, consisting of a heat exchanger, an expansion valve and an evaporator. Unlike air conditioning systems and chillers, the heat pump system can achieve both cooling and heating functions at the same time, thereby improving energy efficiency. The advantages of the heat pump system are high cooling efficiency, high energy utilization, and low maintenance costs, but it has higher requirements for ambient temperature and humidity.

The future development trend of data center cooling

Future data center refrigeration technology will pay more attention to energy efficiency and environmental protection performance, using more advanced refrigeration equipment and technologies, such as magnetic refrigeration, biological refrigeration, etc., to achieve more efficient and environmentally friendly refrigeration effects.

The cooling technology of the data center is one of the key factors for the operational stability and data security of the data center. With the continuous upgrading of data center equipment and the rapid growth of data volume, traditional refrigeration solutions can no longer meet the demand. Modern refrigeration The solution mainly uses new refrigeration equipment and technologies, such as chillers, hot and cold aisle isolation, heat pump systems, etc. These new technologies can effectively improve refrigeration efficiency, reduce energy consumption and maintenance costs. Future data center refrigeration technology will pay more attention to Energy utilization efficiency and environmental protection performance, using more advanced refrigeration equipment and technology to achieve more efficient and environmentally friendly refrigeration effects.

 

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coolant distribution unit

 

ZLFQ Series (Custom Designs)

Coolant Distribution Unit

 

 

 

 

 

Temperature range  +5°C ~ +35°C  +5°C ~ +35°C
Cooling Capacity 15 ~ 150kW 200 ~ 500kW
Note: Any temperature range from -150℃ ~ +350℃ and any cooling capacity can be customized

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