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Advantages and Disadvantages of Closed-Loop Chillers

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Advantages and Disadvantages of Closed-Loop Chillers

 

A closed-loop chiller is a closed-loop system that uses refrigerant to exchange heat for industrial or commercial applications. These chillers use a variety of coolants, including water, glycol, and oil-based coolants.

Many industries today rely on closed-loop chiller systems. For example, big tech companies run data servers that rely on air conditioners and chillers to remove heat from powerful electronics. Air conditioners and chillers are both closed-loop systems because they recycle the air and water used to extract heat. Air conditioners reuse air, while chillers reuse cooling water.

How does a closed loop chiller system work?

Closed-loop chiller systems reuse coolant instead of releasing it. This system prevents the coolant from coming into direct contact with the air with anything other than the chiller system itself. This is the key difference between closed loop and open loop coolers. Where the chiller is attached to the cooling tower, allowing direct air-to-water surface contact. In the absence of air, closed loop coolers prevent air contaminants from penetrating the cooling system.

Benefits of Closed Loop Chiller Systems

There are many benefits to using a closed loop chiller, chief among them saving money and reducing waste.

1. Use less water/coolant

Water and coolant are resources that your process consumes. Due to the necessity of these materials in your cooling plan, the cost of purchasing coolant can quickly multiply. Save costs by reusing water and coolant in a closed loop system.

2. Takes up less space

No one has infinite space within their facility. Closed loop coolers have the advantage of taking up only a small amount of space due to the lack of coolant feed and waste lines.

3. Less energy consumption

Fewer pumps means less equipment to power. Save electricity costs and reduce the electrical load required by your facility by using closed-loop chillers in your cooling program.

4. Precise temperature maintenance

Temperature fluctuations can be easily mitigated by reusing water and coolant within the chiller system. Also, less power is required to bring the temperature back into the required range, which also saves money.

5. Save operating costs

Reusing water and coolant also reduces costs associated with disposing of spent coolant. In some regions, companies that generate emissions are taxed. Avoid these expenses by using a closed loop chiller system.

6. Comply with emissions regulations

Emission regulations are more common than ever. The cost and labor associated with complying with these regulations can quickly reduce your profit margins. By using a closed-loop chiller, users can eliminate nearly all emissions and eliminate the need to comply with emissions disposal regulations.

7. Low maintenance cost

Closed-loop chillers require little routine maintenance. Sometimes it’s just a matter of checking them for corrosion or buildup of deposits inside the chiller, otherwise the chiller will keep running on its own.

Disadvantages of closed loop chiller systems

Closed loop chillers are not the perfect final cooling solution. While there are many benefits to using them in your process cooling system, the disadvantages of these chillers must be considered.

1. Corrosion

Corrosion can be a problem due to the buildup of material inside the system. This corrosion can be caused by glycol decomposition, mineral scaling, and unfiltered deposits.

2. Preventive maintenance

A potential treatment plan to ensure that mineral or organic deposits do not affect the efficiency of the chiller. Part of your cooling plan needs to consider when and how you plan to remove deposits from your equipment.

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Low Temperature Chillers

Temperature Control Range: -150°C to -5°C

Application: Various Reactors, Distillation or Extraction System, Laboratory, Research Institute, Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Petrochemical, Biochemical, Medical, Hospital, R&D Workshop, Semiconductor Test, Aerospace, Biological and Other Industries.

Temperature range  -25°C ~ -5°C series  -45°C ~ -10°C series  -60°C ~ -10°C series  -80°C ~ -30°C series  -110°C ~ -50°C series  -150°C ~ -110°C series
Cooling Capacity up to 360kW up to 360kW up to 360kW up to 270kW up to 180kW up to 11kW

 


Recirculating Chillers

Temperature Control Range: -120°C to 30°C

Application: Various Reactors, Distillation or Extraction System, Laboratory, Research Institute, Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Petrochemical, Biochemical, Medical, Hospital, R&D Workshop, Semiconductor Test, Aerospace, Biological and Other Industries.

Temperature range  -25°C ~ 30°C series  -45°C ~ 30°C series  -60°C ~ -20°C series  -80°C ~ -20°C series  -120°C ~ -70°C series
Cooling Capacity up to 38kW up to 12kW up to 7.2kW up to 7.2kW up to 8.6kW

 


Normal Temperature Chillers

Temperature Control Range: +5°C to +50°C

Application: Various Reactors, Distillation or Extraction System, Laboratory, Research Institute, Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Petrochemical, Biochemical, Medical, Hospital, R&D Workshop, Semiconductor Test, Aerospace, Biological and Other Industries.

Temperature range  -18°C ~ +30°C  +5°C ~ +50°C series
Cooling Capacity up to 0.9kW up to 50kW

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